Project Details

Description

Rutgers University is proposing an Alcohol Research Center devoted to
research on the treatment of alcoholism. The application is a
collaborative effort among the Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies, the
Rutgers Alcohol Behavior Research Lab, Carrier Foundation and the
Stonington Institute. The theme of the center is the linking of treatment
studies to recent findings in the psychological and biological sciences.
The first grant period will test models of recent findings in the areas of
psychosocial treatment, subtyping and the psychophysiology of alcoholism.
The Center includes the following components: 1. Cue Exposure Treatment
of Alcoholism. This study tests the comparative effectiveness of cue
exposure and control treatment among alcoholics of different levels of
alcohol dependence. The study also investigates rival theories of the
therapeutic mechanisms underlying cue exposure treatment. 2. A Serotonin
Re-uptake Inhibitor and Cue Exposure in Reducing Craving. This study
tests the relative effectiveness of two different approaches to reducing
craving among alcoholics - a serotonin reuptake inhibitor or cue exposure
treatment. 3. Medical Patients: Matching consultation to Stage of Change.
This study tests the hypothesis that patients who are harmful or hazardous
drinkers will respond differentially to clinical interventions that focus
on motivational factors or skills acquisition, depending on level of
motivation. 4. Elder-Specific Addictions Programming. This study tests
the matching hypothesis that treatments specifically tailored to different
patterns of substance abuse among elderly patients result in a more
positive treatment outcome than a generic treatment. 5. A Causal Model of
Addiction Treatment Outcome. This study develops and tests an expanded
causal model of treatment outcome, examining the interactions among
patient characteristics, treatment processes, and post-treatment
environment in predicting treatment outcome. 6. Alcoholic Subtypes as
Predictors of Treatment Outcome. This study draws data from the five core
treatment outcome studies, and tests specific questions about the
contribution of psychopathology, family history, substance abuse pattern,
and personality to treatment outcome. 7. Neuropsychological Functioning
and Pattern of recovery over Time as Predictors of Treatment Outcome.
This study also draws data from the five core treatment outcome studies,
and tests the relative strength of, and interaction between level of
impairment at the start of treatment and extent of recovery over time in
predicting outcome.Description
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/28/9011/30/96

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)

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