?DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The role of the regulator of G protein signaling 14 (RGS14) in the heart has never been studied, and we found that the RGS14 KO mice are protected from the adverse effects of acute and chronic ischemia, through angiogenesis/arteriogenesis, which protects from myocardial remodeling and development of heart failure. To accomplish the aims of this proposal, we will examine the following hypotheses: Our first hypothesis is that disruption of RGS14 is a novel mechanism to protect the heart against chronic myocardial ischemia through angiogenesis and arteriogenesis. Our second hypothesis is that the mechanism of acute and chronic ischemic protection involves Gi?/AC/cAMP and Ras-mediated activation of the MEK/ERK pathway and consequently nitric oxide (NO)/VEGF activation, as well as blocking oxidative stress. A particularly novel feature of the RGS14 Knockout (KO) mouse is its ability to protect against both acute and chronic myocardial ischemia and to induce arteriogenesis/angiogenesis. A second novel feature, that underlies the importance of studying inhibition of a gene with multiple effects, such as RGS14, is that it elicit these unusual protective effects mediated by several distal signaling pathways, which in their combination are likely more salutary than any one of the individual mechanisms.
|Effective start/end date||3/10/15 → 1/31/20|
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: $564,862.00
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: $619,188.00
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
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