Turfgrass is an important commodity throughout the United States, and involves many sectors. In a 2003 survey, there were over 860,000 acres in turf in New Jersey with a value of over 1.5 billion dollars. Quality turf beautifies and enhances an environment, conserves soil, reduces pollution and provides a site for recreation. The development and use of new improved cultivars continues to be the greatest need in the turfgrass industry: production of quality turf with reduced costs of seed, management inputs. Reduced levels of fungicides and insecticides needed to maintain fine turf areas. Improved cultivars with better wear tolerance can provide better, safer sports turf. There is a great need for cultivars with better shade and drought tolerance and a reduced growth rate to also reduce maintenance costs. The development of improved breeding and evaluation techniques will benefit other breeding programs designed to improve turf and forage grasses. Collecting germplasm from Europe and Asia will add to the US germplasm base of cool-season turfgrasses and help solve severe disease and other problems. European collections that have contributed new genetic sources of resistance to gray leaf spot in perennial ryegrass since 2000. The effective evaluation of cultivars helps professional turf growers and their clientele choose the top performing cultivars. It is also a great help to individuals involved with cultivar improvement work.
|Effective start/end date||10/1/15 → 9/30/20|