A boundary integral equation approach to computing eigenvalues of the Stokes operator

Travis Askham, Manas Rachh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the Stokes operator have been the subject of intense analytical investigation and have applications in the study and simulation of the Navier–Stokes equations. As the Stokes operator is second order and has the divergence-free constraint, computing these eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions is a challenging task, particularly in complex geometries and at high frequencies. The boundary integral equation (BIE) framework provides robust and scalable eigenvalue computations due to (a) the reduction in the dimension of the problem to be discretized and (b) the absence of high-frequency “pollution” when using Green’s function to represent propagating waves. In this paper, we detail the theoretical justification for a BIE approach to the Stokes eigenvalue problem on simply- and multiply-connected planar domains, which entails a treatment of the uniqueness theory for oscillatory Stokes equations on exterior domains. Then, using well-established techniques for discretizing BIEs, we present numerical results which confirm the analytical claims of the paper and demonstrate the efficiency of the overall approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20
JournalAdvances in Computational Mathematics
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Eigenvalue
  • Fredholm determinant
  • Integral equation
  • Stokes flow

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