A Brief Report on the Association between Dissociation during Sex and Condom Use Self-Efficacy among Women Residing in Domestic Violence Shelters

Courtenay Cavanaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: Female survivors of intimate partner violence have greater risk for contracting HIV/STI’s and experiencing dissociation. However, no studies have examined the association between dissociation and condom use self-efficacy in this population. This study explored whether dissociation during sex was negatively associated with condom use self-efficacy. Methods: Thirty-five women (88% African American) who were residing in domestic violence shelters in the United States completed questionnaires. Results: There was a negative correlation between dissociative experiences during sex and condom use self-efficacy, r = −0.62, n = 35, p <.01. Conclusions: Findings suggest that dissociation during sex interferes with abused women’s condom use self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Sexual Health
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Dermatology
  • Gender Studies
  • Reproductive Medicine


  • Dissociation
  • HIV prevention
  • condom use self-efficacy
  • intimate partner violence
  • women

Cite this