A Catalog of Periodic Variables in Open Clusters M35 and NGC 2158

M. Soares-Furtado, J. D. Hartman, W. Bhatti, L. G. Bouma, T. Barna, G. Bakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present a catalog of 1143 periodic variables, compiled from our image-subtracted photometric analysis of the K2 Campaign-0 super stamp. This super stamp is centered on the open clusters M35 and NGC 2158. Approximately 46% of our periodic variables were previously unreported. Of the catalog variables, we find that 331 are members of M35 and 56 are members of NGC 2158. Our catalog contains two new transiting exoplanet candidates, both of which orbit field stars. The smaller planet candidate has a radius of 0.35 0.04 and orbits a K dwarf ( = 15.4 mag) with a transit depth of 2.9 millimag. The larger planet candidate has a radius of 0.72 0.02 and orbits a late G-type star (= 15.7 mag) with a transit depth of 2.2 millimag. The larger planet candidate may be an unresolved binary or a false alarm. Our catalog includes 44 eclipsing binaries (EBs), including ten new detections. Of the EBs, one is an M35 member and five are NGC 2158 members. Our catalog contains a total of 1097 nontransiting variable stars, including a field δ Cepheid exhibiting double mode pulsations, 561 rotational variables, and 251 pulsating variables (primarily γ Doradus and δ Scuti types). The periods of our catalog sources range between 43 minutes to 24 days. The known ages of our reported cluster variables will facilitate investigations of a variety of stellar evolutionary processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume246
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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