A functional clotting assay to monitor the hirudin dosage

Ramzan M. Zakir, William Hoffman, Biren A. Bhatt, Charles R. Spillert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Hirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor, has potential advantages over indirect thrombin inhibitors and is increasingly used in clinical settings. There are, however, large variations in individual responses to this drug and no recognized clinical laboratory tests used to monitor its anticoagulant effects. We evaluated the use of the thromboelastograph, a common clinical coagulation instrument, to monitor the effects of hirudin in vitro. We developed a novel, whole blood clotting assay that utilizes the tissue factor stimulating properties of mercuric ion to measure the anticoagulant potential of therapeutic doses of hirudin. At doses equivalent to those found in the therapeutic range, the thromboelastograph was capable of showing significant changes when compared with control and different concentrations of hirudin (P < 0.05). A linear relationship was observed between increasing concentrations of recombinant hirudin and clotting times. In conclusion, the use of this test system warrants further investigation for monitoring hirudin.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)119-123
Number of pages5
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


  • Anticoagulant
  • Hirudin
  • Monitoring
  • Thrombin
  • Tissue factor


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