A cross-validation analysis evaluating computer model prediction accuracy for a priori planning magnetic resonance-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (MRgLITT) procedures in treating focal diseased brain tissue is presented. Two mathematical models are considered. (1) A spectral element discretisation of the transient Pennes bioheat transfer equation is implemented to predict the laser-induced heating in perfused tissue. (2) A closed-form algorithm for predicting the steady-state heat transfer from a linear superposition of analytic point source heating functions is also considered. Prediction accuracy is retrospectively evaluated via leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV). Modelling predictions are quantitatively evaluated in terms of a Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) between the simulated thermal dose and thermal dose information contained within N = 22 MR thermometry datasets. During LOOCV analysis, the transient models DSC mean and median are 0.7323 and 0.8001 respectively, with 15 of 22 DSC values exceeding the success criterion of DSC ≥ 0.7. The steady-state models DSC mean and median are 0.6431 and 0.6770 respectively, with 10 of 22 passing. A one-sample, one-sided Wilcoxon signed-rank test indicates that the transient finite element method model achieves the prediction success criteria, DSC ≥ 0.7, at a statistically significant level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)
- Cancer Research
- Bioheat transfer
- MR temperature imaging
- graphics processing unit (GPU)
- laser induced thermal therapy