A resilient network recovery framework against cascading failures with deep graph learning

Jian Zhou, Weijian Zheng, Dali Wang, David W. Coit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Because of the increasing importance and dependencies of infrastructure networks and the potential for massive cascading failures in real-world network systems, maintenance optimization to effectively reduce system performance loss caused by diverse disruptions is of significant interest among researchers and practitioners. In this work, a new recovery framework was developed to rapidly identify important system components for maintenance to improve network resilience against cascading failures. This work provides distinct advantages to determine an optimal maintenance priority by combining real-time network structure importance with other maintenance prioritization based on customer preference. This approach adopts structural graph embedding and deep reinforcement learning to extract real-time network topology information (such as minimum vertex cover) to update the maintenance priority during the recovery process. Based on the case studies on synthetic networks and a US airport network, the proposed recovery framework with real-time network topology awareness shows better performance than other maintenance prioritization strategies regarding resilience enhancement. This work improves the understanding of how the changing network structure influences maintenance effects. It also provides insights of the practical usefulness of advanced deep learning on helping optimal maintenance prioritization to effectively reduce the intensity and extent of cascading failures.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


  • Cascading failures
  • deep graph learning
  • maintenance optimization
  • network resilience
  • system simulation


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