Accumulation of magnetic field energy in an active region due to the alpha-effect

V. I. Abramenko, Vasyl Yurchyshyn, T. J. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The problem of accumulation of magnetic field energy in an active region (AR) as the energy of electric currents in the AR atmosphere is not yet completely clear. Along with the commonly accepted concept of generation of electric current systems in an AR due to large- scale shearing motions at the photospheric level [1,2], another possibility of magnetic field energy accumulation has recently been proposed theoretically [3]. Assuming that the AR magnetic field evolves via a sequence of force- free configurations, Seehafer shows that the energy of small- scale field and velocity fluctuations can be transformed into that of large-scale current systems of an AR (alpha-effect). The necessary condition for the alpha-effect to exist is the presence of the sign- dominant current helicity Hc =B · (∇×B) in the volume is considered. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the fulfillment of this condition in various ARs. Based on the measurements of magnetic field vector in 40 active regions of the maximum of the 22nd cycle we calculated the current helicity of the field Bz· (∇×B) z in the photosphere and obtained the following results. In 36 ARs we found a significant imbalance of the current helicity of the field (5 to 75%) such that in 33 ARs the excess of the current helicity was positive in the southern hemisphere and negative in the northern hemisphere. Therefore, in ARs the necessary condition for transfer of the energy of small-scale fluctuations of the field and velocity into the energy of large- scale electric currents in ARs is fulfilled rather frequently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-934
Number of pages5
JournalRadiophysics and Quantum Electronics
Volume39
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Active Region
  • Electric Current
  • Field Vector
  • Magnetic Field
  • Scale Field

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