Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest cancers and is the third highest among cancer related deaths. Despite modest success with therapy such as gemcitabine, pancreatic cancer incidence remains virtually unchanged in the past 25 years. Among the several driver mutations for PDAC, Kras mutation contributes a central role for its development, progression and therapeutic resistance. In addition, inflammation is implicated in the development of most human cancer, including pancreatic cancer. Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is recognized as a key mediator of inflammation and has been frequently observed to be upregulated in PDAC. Several lines of evidence suggest that NF-κB pathways play a crucial role in PDAC development, progression and resistance. In this review, we focused on emphasizing the recent advancements in the involvement of NF-κB in PADC’s progression and resistance. We also highlighted the interaction of NF-κB with other signaling pathways. Lastly, we also aim to discuss how NF-κB could be an excellent target for PDAC prevention or therapy. This review could provide insight into the development of novel therapeutic strategies by considering NF-κB as a target to prevent or treat PDAC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry