Am I as you see me or so you see me as I am? Self-fulfilling prophecies and self-verification

Stephanie Madon, Alison Smith, Lee Jussim, Daniel W. Russell, Jacquelynne Eccles, Polly Palumbo, Michele Walkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations


The research investigated the extent to which self-fulfilling prophecies and self-verification occurred among 108 teachers and 1,692 students in 108 sixth-grade public school math classrooms. Results demonstrated three main findings. Self-fulfilling prophecies and self-verification occurred simultaneously in a context where perceivers and targets had highly valid information on which to base their initial perceptions. The availability of highly valid information led perceivers and targets to develop initially similar perceptions before mutual influence took place. High similarity between perceivers' and targets' initial perceptions had no effect on the power of self-verification but weakened the effect of self-fulfilling prophecies for some targets. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for extended and close relationships and how the nature of people's perceptions may influence the power of self-fulfilling prophecies and self-verification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1214-1224
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and social psychology bulletin
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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