Alcohol intake or preference for alcohol has been attributed to concomitant dopamine and serotonin dysfunction in rats. Amphetamine and fenfluramine, administered alone, have been shown to reduce food and fluid intake as well as alcohol consumption while acute coadministration of these agents has been shown to suppress audiogenic seizure in rats withdrawn from alcohol. The present study was designed to assess the effectiveness of chronic amphetamine and fenfluramine coadministration on reducing alcohol intake. Chronic coadministration of amphetamine (2 mg/kg) and fenfluramine (8 mg/kg) reduced alcohol consumption during choice trials in both alcohol- dependent and alcohol-nondependent rats while not affecting water intake. These findings indicate that coadministration of amphetamine and fenfluramine, a treatment effective in reducing alcohol withdrawal seizures, also selectively attenuates alcohol consumption.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Behavioral Neuroscience