An investigation of the hydrodynamic similarity of single-spout fluidized beds using CFD-DEM simulations

Mohammadreza Ebrahimi, Eva Siegmann, Doris Prieling, Benjamin J. Glasser, Johannes G. Khinast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The applicability of the hydrodynamic similarity criteria (scaling law) introduced by Glicksman (1988) was investigated using fully coupled Computational Fluid Dynamics and Discrete Element Method (CFD-DEM) simulations for single-spout fluidized beds. Four test cases were performed to investigate the scaling law in a pseudo-2D spouted-fluidized bed. In addition, the applicability of Glicksman's scaling law for simulating 3D fluidized beds was studied. In all simulations, characteristic dimensionless groups, i.e. the Reynolds number (Re), Froude number (Fr), particle-to-fluid density, bed initial height to particle diameter and bed width to particle diameter were kept constant for the both base and scaled cases. Comparing the time averaged particle velocities, gas velocities and volume fractions between the base and scaled cases indicated a very good overall hydrodynamic similarity for all test cases. A minor discrepancy observed between the simulation results of the base and scaled cases was explained by a force analysis. An advantage of the scaling approach, i.e., reducing computational time, was also presented in the last four test cases, including a large-scale simulation, showing that this approach can be considered as a promising way to simulate large-scale spouted-fluidized beds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2465-2481
Number of pages17
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


  • Fluidization
  • Glicksman's scaling law
  • Hydrodynamic similarity
  • Multiphase flow


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