Analysis of attacks on SDMI audio watermarks

M. Wu, S. A. Craver, E. W. Felten, B. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper explains and analyzes the successful attacks submitted by the authors on four audio watermark proposals during a 3-week SDMI public challenge. Our analysis points out some weaknesses in the watermark techniques currently under SDMI consideration and suggests directions for further improvement. The paper also discusses the framework and strategies for analyzing the robustness and security of watermarking systems as well as the difficulty, uniqueness, and unrealistic expectations of the attack setup.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1369-1372
Number of pages4
JournalICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2001
Event2001 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Salt Lake, UT, United States
Duration: May 7 2001May 11 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Attack analysis
  • Audio watermark
  • Data hiding
  • SDMI

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