Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar

Edward G. Kirby

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper will present an overview of genetic approaches to develop an understanding of interacting roles of reduced nitrogen in conferring drought tolerance in poplar. Included in the discussion are: (1) the critical role that drought tolerant phenotypes of forest trees will play in a worldwide environment faced with the challenges of climate change; (2) a summary of transgenic technologies as applied to poplar with assessment of recent transgenic approaches into biological mechanisms for drought tolerance; and (3) the relationship between nitrogen assimilation and drought tolerance in poplar. Inherent in this discussion is assessment of the complexity and pleiotropic nature of drought tolerant phenotypes, including physiological, biochemical, morphological, and genetic components (Allwright & Taylor, 2016; Borland et al., 2015; Harfouche, Meilan, & Altman, 2014; Polle & Chen, 2015). Central to this discussion are the considerable advances in poplar biology and genome analysis resulting in defining poplar as a model forest species (Bradshaw, Ceulemans, Davis, & Stettler, 2000; Cronk, 2005; Taylor, 2002). Focus is not only on the application of GE technologies for expression of specific transgenes to produce new phenotypes, but also on assessment of specific phenotypes created through GE approaches that can allow identification of specific genes and gene expression networks correlated with the induced phenotype that can be incorporated into advanced breeding approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Botanical Research
EditorsFrancisco M. Cánovas
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages257-279
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9780128154656
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Botanical Research
Volume89

Fingerprint

drought tolerance
genetically modified organisms
phenotype
drought
nitrogen
forest trees
transgenes
assimilation (physiology)
climate change
Biological Sciences
gene expression
genome
breeding
genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Keywords

  • Drought tolerance
  • Genetic engineering
  • Glutamine synthetase
  • Poplar
  • Transcriptomics

Cite this

Kirby, E. G. (2019). Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar. In F. M. Cánovas (Ed.), Advances in Botanical Research (pp. 257-279). (Advances in Botanical Research; Vol. 89). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2018.11.009
Kirby, Edward G. / Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar. Advances in Botanical Research. editor / Francisco M. Cánovas. Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 257-279 (Advances in Botanical Research).
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Kirby, EG 2019, Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar. in FM Cánovas (ed.), Advances in Botanical Research. Advances in Botanical Research, vol. 89, Academic Press Inc., pp. 257-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2018.11.009

Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar. / Kirby, Edward G.

Advances in Botanical Research. ed. / Francisco M. Cánovas. Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 257-279 (Advances in Botanical Research; Vol. 89).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Kirby EG. Applications of transgenic approaches in developing an understanding of drought tolerance in poplar. In Cánovas FM, editor, Advances in Botanical Research. Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 257-279. (Advances in Botanical Research). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2018.11.009