Bacillus amyloliquefaciens spore production under solid-state fermentation of lignocellulosic residues

Violet Berikashvili, Kakha Sokhadze, Eva Kachlishvili, Vladimir Elisashvili, Michael L. Chikindas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This study was conducted to elucidate cultivation conditions determining Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B-1895 growth and enhanced spore formation during the solid-state fermentation (SSF) of agro-industrial lignocellulosic biomasses. Among the tested growth substrates, corncobs provided the highest yield of spores (47 × 1010 spores g-1 biomass) while the mushroom spent substrate and sunflower oil mill appeared to be poor growth substrates for spore formation. Maximum spore yield (82 × 1010 spores g-1 biomass) was achieved when 15 g corncobs were moistened with 60 ml of the optimized nutrient medium containing 10 g peptone, 2 g KH2PO4, 1 g MgSO4·7H2O, and 1 g NaCl per 1 l of distilled water. The cheese whey usage for wetting of lignocellulosic substrate instead water promoted spore formation and increased the spore number to 105 × 1010 spores g-1. Addition to the cheese whey of optimized medium components favored sporulation process. The feasibility of developed medium and strategy was shown in scaled up SSF of corncobs in polypropylene bags since yield of 10 × 1011 spores per gram of dry biomass was achieved. In the SSF of lignocellulose, B. amyloliquefaciens B-1895 secreted comparatively high cellulase and xylanase activities to ensure good growth of the bacterial culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-761
Number of pages7
JournalProbiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology


  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
  • Cultivation conditions
  • Lignocellulose solid-state fermentation
  • Probiotic
  • Spore production


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