Beyond the Average View of Dopamine

Angela J. Langdon, Nathaniel D. Daw

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Dopamine (DA) responses are synonymous with the ‘reward prediction error’ of reinforcement learning (RL), and are thought to update neural estimates of expected value. A recent study by Dabney et al. enriches this picture, demonstrating that DA neurons track variability in rewards, providing a readout of risk in the brain.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)499-501
Number of pages3
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


  • artificial intelligence
  • dopamine
  • reinforcement learning
  • reward

Cite this