Blockchain-based framework for improving supply chain traceability and information sharing in precast construction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Precast construction has great potential for driving innovations in clean, safe, high-efficient construction methods in the industry. However, current precast supply chain management often faces challenges such as fragmentation, poor traceability, and lack of real-time information. To address these challenges, this study builds a novel blockchain-based information management framework for a precast supply chain, which extends the applications of blockchain in the domain of construction supply chains. In this study, a blockchain framework and its development processes are presented in detail, and algorithms for smart contracts are developed for the model implementation. Finally, the performance of this framework is validated with a case study in which a visualization system is presented to achieve (1) information sharing management, (2) real-time control of scheduling, and (3) information traceability. The results suggest that the proposed framework facilitates the on-time delivery of precast components (PCs) and tracks the reasons for disputes centered on PCs in the precast supply chain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103063
JournalAutomation in Construction
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

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Supply chains
Supply chain management
Real time control
Information management
Visualization
Innovation
Scheduling
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Keywords

  • Blockchain
  • Communication
  • Prefabrication
  • Real-time information
  • Smart contract

Cite this

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abstract = "Precast construction has great potential for driving innovations in clean, safe, high-efficient construction methods in the industry. However, current precast supply chain management often faces challenges such as fragmentation, poor traceability, and lack of real-time information. To address these challenges, this study builds a novel blockchain-based information management framework for a precast supply chain, which extends the applications of blockchain in the domain of construction supply chains. In this study, a blockchain framework and its development processes are presented in detail, and algorithms for smart contracts are developed for the model implementation. Finally, the performance of this framework is validated with a case study in which a visualization system is presented to achieve (1) information sharing management, (2) real-time control of scheduling, and (3) information traceability. The results suggest that the proposed framework facilitates the on-time delivery of precast components (PCs) and tracks the reasons for disputes centered on PCs in the precast supply chain.",
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