Body mass index of patients with endometrial hyperplasia: Comparison to patients with proliferative endometrium and abnormal bleeding

Debra S. Heller, Claudia Mosquera, Laura T. Goldsmith, Bernadette Cracchiolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Endometrial hyperplasia is a known risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer, particularly atypical hyperplasia, with a subsequent risk of up to 30%. Of the known risk factors for endometrial hyperplasia, obesity is the most preventable, but there is a paucity of data addressing the association. We tested the hypothesis that patients with endometrial hyperplasia have a higher body mass index (BMI) than patients with abnormal bleeding who are found to have proliferative endometrium. Study Design: This was an Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective study using University Hospital Department of Pathology records. All patients who had endometrial sampling performed between January 1, 2001, and July 30, 2008, were included. The experimental group consisted of patients with endometrial hyperplasia including simple, complex and atypical hyperplasia. The control group consisted of patients who underwent endometrial sampling for abnormal bleeding during the same time period and were diagnosed with proliferative endometrium. BMI was calculated based on documented height and weight within 30 days of endometrial sampling. Results: Forty-two patients with hyperplasia and 103 patients with proliferative endometrium met inclusion criteria, including documented height and weight and nonexposure to hormones. The median BMI in the hyperplasia group was 38 kg/m2 (95% CI 34.8 - 42.4) and 30 kg/m2 (95% CI 29.9 - 33.3) in the proliferative group (p<0.0001). Conclusion: These data suggest that higher BMI is associated with endometrial hyperplasia as compared to women with lower BMIs and abnormal bleeding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-112
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine
Volume56
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Endometrial hyperplasia
  • Obesity

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