Broadband and high-efficient L-shaped piezoelectric energy harvester based on internal resonance

Xiaochun Nie, Ting Tan, Zhimiao Yan, Zhitao Yan, Muhammad R. Hajj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We exploit a 1:2 internal resonance in an L-shaped beam-mass structure for broadband and high-efficient energy harvesting. The geometric nonlinearities of the structure and piezoelectric materials are introduced to establish the electromechanical-coupled distributed parameter model using the extended Hamiltons principle and Gauss law. The analytical modal shapes of the structure are derived as well. The proposed model of the energy harvester is validated with finite element simulations and experiments. Periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic motions are observed. The tip displacement of the system is mainly determined by the first mode while the harvested power of the system is primarily derived from the second mode for internal resonances of the first and second modes. By exploiting these resonances, the harvested power is significantly improved through the low-frequency excitation exciting high-frequency vibration. The larger harvested power and smaller tip displacement are also obtained with the load resistances corresponding to the maximum global damping. Increasing the external excitation amplitude causes an increase in the frequency bandwidth over which energy can be harvested. Compared to the linear system, the L-shaped energy harvester with 1:2 internal resonance can harvest power more efficiently over a wider frequency bandwidth with reduced vibration displacement. The maximum improvement of energy harvesting efficiency and bandwidth are 215% and 405% respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-305
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
StatePublished - Aug 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • General Materials Science
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


  • Broadband
  • Geometric nonlinearity
  • High-efficient
  • Internal resonance
  • L-shaped structure
  • Piezoelectric energy harvesting

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