Bulk polymerization of styrene in plate and frame batch reactors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal bulk polymerization of styrene in the plate and frame batch reactor i.s simulated with a mathematical model which accounts for chain transfer to monomer and gel effect. The design parameters are: the frame thickness, the temperature policy, and the level of prepolymerization in the feed. The recommended frame thickness with 27% prepolymerization is 5 in. The resulting polydispersities and number average chain lengths range from 2.2–2.3 and 2000–2100 respectively. The implementation of temperature policy, particularly the timing of the application of the coolant, is critical to obtain satisfactory polymer quality. When pure styrene feed is used the reactor displays thermal ignition unless the frame thickness is less then 2 in. For a 5 in. frame prepolymerization should be at least 25 percent to permit adequate temperature control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-822
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

Fingerprint

Styrene
Batch reactors
Polymerization
Polydispersity
Chain length
Temperature control
Coolants
Ignition
Polymers
Gels
Monomers
Mathematical models
Temperature
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

@article{2f63015f08d2480bb98c533750531bcb,
title = "Bulk polymerization of styrene in plate and frame batch reactors",
abstract = "Thermal bulk polymerization of styrene in the plate and frame batch reactor i.s simulated with a mathematical model which accounts for chain transfer to monomer and gel effect. The design parameters are: the frame thickness, the temperature policy, and the level of prepolymerization in the feed. The recommended frame thickness with 27{\%} prepolymerization is 5 in. The resulting polydispersities and number average chain lengths range from 2.2–2.3 and 2000–2100 respectively. The implementation of temperature policy, particularly the timing of the application of the coolant, is critical to obtain satisfactory polymer quality. When pure styrene feed is used the reactor displays thermal ignition unless the frame thickness is less then 2 in. For a 5 in. frame prepolymerization should be at least 25 percent to permit adequate temperature control.",
author = "Suphan Kovenklioglu",
year = "1980",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760201208",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "816--822",
journal = "Polymer Engineering and Science",
issn = "0032-3888",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "12",

}

Bulk polymerization of styrene in plate and frame batch reactors. / Kovenklioglu, Suphan.

In: Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 20, No. 12, 01.01.1980, p. 816-822.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bulk polymerization of styrene in plate and frame batch reactors

AU - Kovenklioglu, Suphan

PY - 1980/1/1

Y1 - 1980/1/1

N2 - Thermal bulk polymerization of styrene in the plate and frame batch reactor i.s simulated with a mathematical model which accounts for chain transfer to monomer and gel effect. The design parameters are: the frame thickness, the temperature policy, and the level of prepolymerization in the feed. The recommended frame thickness with 27% prepolymerization is 5 in. The resulting polydispersities and number average chain lengths range from 2.2–2.3 and 2000–2100 respectively. The implementation of temperature policy, particularly the timing of the application of the coolant, is critical to obtain satisfactory polymer quality. When pure styrene feed is used the reactor displays thermal ignition unless the frame thickness is less then 2 in. For a 5 in. frame prepolymerization should be at least 25 percent to permit adequate temperature control.

AB - Thermal bulk polymerization of styrene in the plate and frame batch reactor i.s simulated with a mathematical model which accounts for chain transfer to monomer and gel effect. The design parameters are: the frame thickness, the temperature policy, and the level of prepolymerization in the feed. The recommended frame thickness with 27% prepolymerization is 5 in. The resulting polydispersities and number average chain lengths range from 2.2–2.3 and 2000–2100 respectively. The implementation of temperature policy, particularly the timing of the application of the coolant, is critical to obtain satisfactory polymer quality. When pure styrene feed is used the reactor displays thermal ignition unless the frame thickness is less then 2 in. For a 5 in. frame prepolymerization should be at least 25 percent to permit adequate temperature control.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019047521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019047521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760201208

DO - https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.760201208

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 816

EP - 822

JO - Polymer Engineering and Science

JF - Polymer Engineering and Science

SN - 0032-3888

IS - 12

ER -