Cardiovascular responses to microinjections of glutamate into the nucleus tractus solitarii of unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats

A. Dhruva, T. Bhatnagar, Hreday Sapru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In anesthetized rats, microinjections of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) into the nucleus tractus solitarri (nTS), in a region located immediately rostral to the calamus scriptorius (CS), have been generally reported to elicit depressor and bradycardic responses. On the other hand, in conscious freely moving rats, similar microinjections have been reported to elicit pressor and bradycardic responses. These divergent results have been attributed to the effect of anesthetics. A reinvestigation of the effects of EAAs into the nTS in unanesthetized animals became necessary in order to resolve this controversy. The microinjection technique used in freely moving conscious rats suffers from several technical limitations; for example, microinjections cannot be delivered stereotaxically. In order to avoid these limitations, the present experiments were carried out in unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats. A systematic mapping of nTS in these rats, using microinjections of the solutions of EAAs in artificial cerebrospinal (aCSF) fluid, confirmed that depressor and bradycardic responses are elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it. Pressor responses were elicited by microinjections of L- glutamate (L-Glu) only from the chemoreceptor projection site (a region of the commissural subnucleus, 0.1-0.5 mm caudal to the CS, 0-0.5 mm lateral to the midline and 0.4-0.5 mm deep from the medullary surface). The pressor responses elicited from the aforementioned site were accompanied with bradycardia; this response may be due to diffusion of L-Glu to the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus because the bradycardia disappeared when the depth of the microinjection was reduced to 0.3, instead of 0.5 mm, from the dorsal medullary surface. When urethane was administered intravenously in unanesthetized decerebrate rats, the responses to microinjections of L-Glu remained unchanged, i.e., depressor and bradycardic responses were elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it and pressor and tachycardic responses were elicited from the chemoreceptor projection site. These observations indicated that there is no anesthetic-induced qualitative alteration of the cardiovascular responses to microinjections of EAAs into the nTS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-100
Number of pages13
JournalBrain research
Volume801
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 1998

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Solitary Nucleus
Microinjections
Glutamic Acid
Calamus
Excitatory Amino Acids
Bradycardia
Anesthetics
Urethane
Cerebrospinal Fluid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Cardiovascular responses to microinjections of glutamate into the nucleus tractus solitarii of unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats",
abstract = "In anesthetized rats, microinjections of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) into the nucleus tractus solitarri (nTS), in a region located immediately rostral to the calamus scriptorius (CS), have been generally reported to elicit depressor and bradycardic responses. On the other hand, in conscious freely moving rats, similar microinjections have been reported to elicit pressor and bradycardic responses. These divergent results have been attributed to the effect of anesthetics. A reinvestigation of the effects of EAAs into the nTS in unanesthetized animals became necessary in order to resolve this controversy. The microinjection technique used in freely moving conscious rats suffers from several technical limitations; for example, microinjections cannot be delivered stereotaxically. In order to avoid these limitations, the present experiments were carried out in unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats. A systematic mapping of nTS in these rats, using microinjections of the solutions of EAAs in artificial cerebrospinal (aCSF) fluid, confirmed that depressor and bradycardic responses are elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it. Pressor responses were elicited by microinjections of L- glutamate (L-Glu) only from the chemoreceptor projection site (a region of the commissural subnucleus, 0.1-0.5 mm caudal to the CS, 0-0.5 mm lateral to the midline and 0.4-0.5 mm deep from the medullary surface). The pressor responses elicited from the aforementioned site were accompanied with bradycardia; this response may be due to diffusion of L-Glu to the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus because the bradycardia disappeared when the depth of the microinjection was reduced to 0.3, instead of 0.5 mm, from the dorsal medullary surface. When urethane was administered intravenously in unanesthetized decerebrate rats, the responses to microinjections of L-Glu remained unchanged, i.e., depressor and bradycardic responses were elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it and pressor and tachycardic responses were elicited from the chemoreceptor projection site. These observations indicated that there is no anesthetic-induced qualitative alteration of the cardiovascular responses to microinjections of EAAs into the nTS.",
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Cardiovascular responses to microinjections of glutamate into the nucleus tractus solitarii of unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats. / Dhruva, A.; Bhatnagar, T.; Sapru, Hreday.

In: Brain research, Vol. 801, No. 1-2, 10.08.1998, p. 88-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular responses to microinjections of glutamate into the nucleus tractus solitarii of unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats

AU - Dhruva, A.

AU - Bhatnagar, T.

AU - Sapru, Hreday

PY - 1998/8/10

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N2 - In anesthetized rats, microinjections of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) into the nucleus tractus solitarri (nTS), in a region located immediately rostral to the calamus scriptorius (CS), have been generally reported to elicit depressor and bradycardic responses. On the other hand, in conscious freely moving rats, similar microinjections have been reported to elicit pressor and bradycardic responses. These divergent results have been attributed to the effect of anesthetics. A reinvestigation of the effects of EAAs into the nTS in unanesthetized animals became necessary in order to resolve this controversy. The microinjection technique used in freely moving conscious rats suffers from several technical limitations; for example, microinjections cannot be delivered stereotaxically. In order to avoid these limitations, the present experiments were carried out in unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats. A systematic mapping of nTS in these rats, using microinjections of the solutions of EAAs in artificial cerebrospinal (aCSF) fluid, confirmed that depressor and bradycardic responses are elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it. Pressor responses were elicited by microinjections of L- glutamate (L-Glu) only from the chemoreceptor projection site (a region of the commissural subnucleus, 0.1-0.5 mm caudal to the CS, 0-0.5 mm lateral to the midline and 0.4-0.5 mm deep from the medullary surface). The pressor responses elicited from the aforementioned site were accompanied with bradycardia; this response may be due to diffusion of L-Glu to the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus because the bradycardia disappeared when the depth of the microinjection was reduced to 0.3, instead of 0.5 mm, from the dorsal medullary surface. When urethane was administered intravenously in unanesthetized decerebrate rats, the responses to microinjections of L-Glu remained unchanged, i.e., depressor and bradycardic responses were elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it and pressor and tachycardic responses were elicited from the chemoreceptor projection site. These observations indicated that there is no anesthetic-induced qualitative alteration of the cardiovascular responses to microinjections of EAAs into the nTS.

AB - In anesthetized rats, microinjections of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) into the nucleus tractus solitarri (nTS), in a region located immediately rostral to the calamus scriptorius (CS), have been generally reported to elicit depressor and bradycardic responses. On the other hand, in conscious freely moving rats, similar microinjections have been reported to elicit pressor and bradycardic responses. These divergent results have been attributed to the effect of anesthetics. A reinvestigation of the effects of EAAs into the nTS in unanesthetized animals became necessary in order to resolve this controversy. The microinjection technique used in freely moving conscious rats suffers from several technical limitations; for example, microinjections cannot be delivered stereotaxically. In order to avoid these limitations, the present experiments were carried out in unanesthetized supracollicular decerebrate rats. A systematic mapping of nTS in these rats, using microinjections of the solutions of EAAs in artificial cerebrospinal (aCSF) fluid, confirmed that depressor and bradycardic responses are elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it. Pressor responses were elicited by microinjections of L- glutamate (L-Glu) only from the chemoreceptor projection site (a region of the commissural subnucleus, 0.1-0.5 mm caudal to the CS, 0-0.5 mm lateral to the midline and 0.4-0.5 mm deep from the medullary surface). The pressor responses elicited from the aforementioned site were accompanied with bradycardia; this response may be due to diffusion of L-Glu to the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus because the bradycardia disappeared when the depth of the microinjection was reduced to 0.3, instead of 0.5 mm, from the dorsal medullary surface. When urethane was administered intravenously in unanesthetized decerebrate rats, the responses to microinjections of L-Glu remained unchanged, i.e., depressor and bradycardic responses were elicited from all the sites in the nTS extending from the CS to a level about 1 mm rostral to it and pressor and tachycardic responses were elicited from the chemoreceptor projection site. These observations indicated that there is no anesthetic-induced qualitative alteration of the cardiovascular responses to microinjections of EAAs into the nTS.

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