Carotene-enhanced Heat Tolerance in Creeping Bentgrass in Association with Regulation of Enzymatic Antioxidant Metabolism

Stephanie Rossi, Bingru Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Heat-induced leaf senescence has been associated with stress-induced oxidative damage. The major objec-tive of this study was to determine whether exogenous application of b-carotene may improve heat tolerance in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera cv. Penncross) by suppressing leaf senescence and activating antioxidant metabolism. Plants were subjected to heat stress at 35/30C (day/night) or at the optimal temperature of 22/18C (day/night), and were treated with either b-carotene (1 mM) or water (untreated control) by foliar spraying every 7 days for 28 days in controlled-environment growth chambers. b-Carotene application suppressed heat-induced leaf senescence, as demonstrated by an increase in turf quality (TQ) and leaf chlorophyll content as well as a reduction in electrolyte leakage (EL). b-Carotene-treated plants had a significantly lower malondialdehyde (MDA) content and significantly greater activity of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and catalase (CAT) from 14 through 28 days of heat stress, and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity from 21 through 28 days of heat stress. These findings suggest that b-carotene may promote heat tolerance by enhancing antioxidant activity to suppress leaf senescence.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Horticulture


  • abiotic stress
  • biostimulant
  • carotenoids
  • exogenous
  • leaf senescence
  • turfgrass


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