Cherubism gene Sh3bp2 is important for optimal bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and function

Padma Mukherjee, Chiachien J. Wang, I. Ping Chen, Toghrul Jafarov, Bjorn R. Olsen, Yasuyoshi Ueki, Ernst J. Reichenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Cherubism is a human genetic disorder that causes bilateral symmetrical enlargement of the maxilla and the mandible in children. It is caused by mutations in SH3BP2. The exact pathogenesis of the disorder is an area of active research. Sh3bp2 knock-in mice were developed by introducing a Pro416Arg mutation (Pro418Arg in humans) in the mouse genome. The osteoclast phenotype of this mouse model was recently described. Methods: We examined the bone phenotype of the cherubism mouse model, the role of Sh3bp2 during bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and osteoblast function. Results: We observed delays in early postnatal development of homozygous Sh3bp2 KI/KI mice, which exhibited increased growth plate thickness and significantly decreased trabecular bone thickness and bone mineral density. Histomorphometric and microcomputed tomography analyses showed bone loss in the cranial and appendicular skeletons. Sh3bp2KI/KI mice also exhibited a significant decrease in osteoid formation that indicated a defect in osteoblast function. Calvarial osteoblast cell cultures had decreased alkaline phosphatase expression and mineralization, suggesting reduced differentiation potential. Gene expression of osteoblast differentiation markers such as collagen type I, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin were decreased in osteoblast cultures from Sh3bp2KI/KI mice. Conclusions: These data suggest that Sh3bp2 regulates bone homeostasis through not only osteoclast-specific effects, but also through effects on osteoblast differentiation and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140.e1-140.e11
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Cherubism
Osteoblasts
Osteogenesis
Genes
Bone and Bones
Osteoclasts
Alkaline Phosphatase
Phenotype
X-Ray Microtomography
Mutation
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Growth Plate
Osteocalcin
Differentiation Antigens
Medical Genetics
Maxilla
Collagen Type I
Mandible
Skeleton
Bone Density

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Mukherjee, Padma ; Wang, Chiachien J. ; Chen, I. Ping ; Jafarov, Toghrul ; Olsen, Bjorn R. ; Ueki, Yasuyoshi ; Reichenberger, Ernst J. / Cherubism gene Sh3bp2 is important for optimal bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and function. In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2010 ; Vol. 138, No. 2. pp. 140.e1-140.e11.
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Cherubism gene Sh3bp2 is important for optimal bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and function. / Mukherjee, Padma; Wang, Chiachien J.; Chen, I. Ping; Jafarov, Toghrul; Olsen, Bjorn R.; Ueki, Yasuyoshi; Reichenberger, Ernst J.

In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 138, No. 2, 01.01.2010, p. 140.e1-140.e11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Cherubism gene Sh3bp2 is important for optimal bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and function

AU - Mukherjee, Padma

AU - Wang, Chiachien J.

AU - Chen, I. Ping

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AU - Olsen, Bjorn R.

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AU - Reichenberger, Ernst J.

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N2 - Introduction: Cherubism is a human genetic disorder that causes bilateral symmetrical enlargement of the maxilla and the mandible in children. It is caused by mutations in SH3BP2. The exact pathogenesis of the disorder is an area of active research. Sh3bp2 knock-in mice were developed by introducing a Pro416Arg mutation (Pro418Arg in humans) in the mouse genome. The osteoclast phenotype of this mouse model was recently described. Methods: We examined the bone phenotype of the cherubism mouse model, the role of Sh3bp2 during bone formation, osteoblast differentiation, and osteoblast function. Results: We observed delays in early postnatal development of homozygous Sh3bp2 KI/KI mice, which exhibited increased growth plate thickness and significantly decreased trabecular bone thickness and bone mineral density. Histomorphometric and microcomputed tomography analyses showed bone loss in the cranial and appendicular skeletons. Sh3bp2KI/KI mice also exhibited a significant decrease in osteoid formation that indicated a defect in osteoblast function. Calvarial osteoblast cell cultures had decreased alkaline phosphatase expression and mineralization, suggesting reduced differentiation potential. Gene expression of osteoblast differentiation markers such as collagen type I, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin were decreased in osteoblast cultures from Sh3bp2KI/KI mice. Conclusions: These data suggest that Sh3bp2 regulates bone homeostasis through not only osteoclast-specific effects, but also through effects on osteoblast differentiation and function.

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