Childhood maltreatment and the persistence of smoking: A longitudinal study among adults in the US

Farah Taha, Sandro Galea, Denise Hien, Renee D. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study examined the relationship between childhood maltreatment-emotional, physical, and severe physical maltreatment-and the initiation and persistence of smoking. Data were drawn from the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) Survey Waves 1 and 2. Frequency of childhood emotional, physical, and severe physical maltreatment (never, rare, intermittent, frequent) reported at Wave 1 was examined in relation to ever smoking, smoking daily, and persistent daily smoking at Waves 1 and 2. Logistic regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals), which were then adjusted for potential confounders. Childhood emotional, physical, and severe physical maltreatment were associated with increased odds of ever smoking, smoking daily, and persistent smoking at Waves 1 and 2. The majority of these associations remained significant after adjusting for confounding variables. These results suggest a history of trauma may play a prominent role in recalcitrant cigarette smoking and suggest that the success rates of treatments for smoking cessation may be improved by integrating trauma treatment where appropriate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1995-2006
Number of pages12
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Child abuse
  • Epidemiology
  • Longitudinal
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco smoking

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