Cold shock and adaptation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

287 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adaptation to environmental stresses, such as temperature fluctuation, is essential for the survival of all living organisms. Cellular responses in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes to high temperature include the synthesis of a set of highly conserved proteins known as the heat shock proteins. In contrast to the heat shock response, adaptation to low temperatures has not been as extensively studied. However, a family of cold-inducible proteins is evident in prokaryotes. In addition, most organisms have developed adaptive mechanisms that alter both membrane fluidity and the protein translation machinery at low temperature. This review addresses the different adaptive mechanisms used by a variety of organisms with a focus on the molecular mechanisms of cold adaptation that have recently been identified during the cold shock response in Escherichia coli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalBioEssays
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Shock
Temperature
Cold-Shock Response
Heat-Shock Response
Membrane Fluidity
Fluidity
Protein Biosynthesis
Heat-Shock Proteins
Eukaryota
Escherichia coli
Machinery
Membrane Proteins
Proteins

Cite this

Thieringer, Heather A. ; Jones, Pamela G. ; Inouye, Masayori. / Cold shock and adaptation. In: BioEssays. 1998 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 49-57.
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Cold shock and adaptation. / Thieringer, Heather A.; Jones, Pamela G.; Inouye, Masayori.

In: BioEssays, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 49-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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