Comparing LIMERIC and DCC approaches for VANET channel congestion control

Gaurav Bansal, Bin Cheng, Ali Rostami, Katrin Sjoberg, John B. Kenney, Marco Gruteser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Channel congestion is one of the major challenges for IEEE 802.11p-based vehicular ad hoc networks. Unless controlled, congestion increases with vehicle density, leading to high packet loss and degraded safety application performance. In this paper, we study two classes of congestion control - reactive and adaptive. The reactive approach is represented by the Decentralized Congestion Control (DCC) framework defined in ETSI. The adaptive approach is represented by the LIMERIC linear control algorithm. Both approaches control safety message transmission as a function of channel load (i.e. Channel Busy Ratio, CBR). A reactive approach uses CBR directly, defining an appropriate transmission behavior for each CBR value, e.g. via a table lookup. By contrast, an adaptive approach identifies the transmission behavior that drives CBR to a target channel load, thus achieving the best message throughput possible for any given vehicle density. The paper considers two variations of DCC, one in which it serves as a traffic shaping 'gatekeeper' above the MAC sublayer, and another in which it additionally limits safety message generation at the facilities layer. The paper has two main results. First, it is shown that LIMERIC generally outperforms both DCC variations in a winding road scenario with various vehicle densities. Inter-packet reception gap and position tracking error are the primary metrics. This advantage is due to primarily LIMERIC's ability to achieve a target load consistent with maximum throughput and vehicle awareness. Second, it is shown that both DCC variations are subject to steady state oscillations, and the case in which DCC also limits message generation is subject to truly unstable variations. The paper uses NS-2 simulation results to support these conclusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781479944521
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2014
Event6th IEEE International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Sep 14 2014Sep 15 2014

Publication series

Name2014 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014 - Proceedings

Other

Other6th IEEE International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period9/14/149/15/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Keywords

  • DCC
  • DSRC
  • IEEE 802.11p
  • ITS-G5
  • congestion control

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    Bansal, G., Cheng, B., Rostami, A., Sjoberg, K., Kenney, J. B., & Gruteser, M. (2014). Comparing LIMERIC and DCC approaches for VANET channel congestion control. In 2014 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014 - Proceedings [6953217] (2014 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications, WiVeC 2014 - Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/WIVEC.2014.6953217