Background: Modern nuclear structure models suggest that the shell structure near the valley of stability, with well-established shell closures at N=50, for example, changes in very neutron-rich nuclei far from stability. Single-particle properties of nuclei away from stability can be probed in single-neutron (d,p) transfer reactions with beams of rare isotopes. The interpretation of these data requires reaction theories with various effective interactions. Often, approximations made to the final bound-state potential introduce a large uncertainty in the extracted single-particle properties, in particular the spectroscopic factor. Purpose: Mitigate this uncertainty using a combined measurement method to constrain the shape of the bound-state potential and to reliably extract the spectroscopic factor. Methods: The H2(Kr86,p)Kr87 reaction was measured at 33 MeV/u at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) as a test of the combined method. The reaction protons were detected with the Oak Ridge Rutgers University Barrel Array (ORRUBA) of position sensitive silicon strip detectors, the first implementation of ORRUBA coupled to the S800 spectrograph with fast beams at NSCL. Results: These measurements at 33 MeV/u are combined with previous studies of the Kr86(d,p) reaction at 5.5 MeV/u to demonstrate a successful case of the combined method to constrain the shape of the single-particle potential and deduce asymptotic normalization coefficients and spectroscopic factors. In particular, the single-particle asymptotic normalization coefficient for the ground state of Kr87 was constrained to bd5/2=6.46-0.57+1.12fm-1/2, and therefore the deduced spectroscopic factor is S=0.44-0.13+0.09 with uncertainties dominated by experimental statistics. Conclusions: By combining measurements at two very different beam energies, single-particle asymptotic normalization coefficients, at least for low angular momentum transfers, can be constrained. Therefore, spectroscopic factors can be deduced with uncertainties dominated by experimental uncertainties, rather than limited knowledge of bound-state potential parameters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics