Contextual inhibition of neural activity in the primary visual cortex begins immediately and is most pronounced in the early transient response component. Using backward masking to control available processing time, we investigated whether the interaction between perceptual contextual modulation and processing time reflects the neural dynamics of contextual inhibition. We found that the threshold elevation due to contextual inhibition in an orientation-discrimination task is essentially independent of the available processing time and that it is closely related to contextual inhibition of the early transient response component of orientation-selective neurons in the primary visual cortex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Contextual modulation
- Orientation discrimination