Contribution of fibers to crack reduction of cement composites during the initial and final setting period

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The contribution of steel, synthetic, and cellulose fibers to the shrinkage-crack reduction potential of cement composites during the initial and final setting period and its evaluation are presented in this paper. The primary variables of the investigation were: fiber type, matrix composition, and test methods. Fiber type consisted of steel and nonmetallic (synthetic and cellulose) fibers with lengths varying from a fraction of an inch to 2.4 in. (1 to 60 mm). For steel fibers, three fiber lengths of 1.2, 2.0, and 2.4 in. (30, 50, and 60 mm) were investigated at volume contents of 75 and 100 lb/yd3 (45 and 60 kg/m3). The nonmetalic fibers were made of cellulose, nylon, polyethylene, polypropylene, or polyester. Cellulose and polyethylene fibers were in the pulp form (microfibers) with lengths in the order of a few mm and diameters in microns. Polypropylene fibers were evaluated both in the pulp form and in relatively longer lengths of 0.75 in. (19 mm). The longer polypropylene fibers were fibrillated. Nylon and polyester fibers were made of single filaments with lengths varying from 0.75 to 2.0 in. (19 to 50 mm). The matrix consisted of cement mortar with various cement-sand ratios, concrete containing coarse aggregates, and lightweight concrete. In the case of test methods, the primary variables were specimen thickness and plan dimensions of the test panels. Results indicate that both steel and synthetic fibers make a definite contribution to shrinkage crack reduction during the initial and final setting periods. The microfibers (pulp form) are more effective in rich cement mortars, whereas the longer fibers [0.75 in. (19 mm)] long are more effective in lean mortars and concrete. None of the test methods available in the published literature are suitable for standardization in the present form. The primary drawbacks are attempting to induce cracks in plain matrixes at normal conditions in terms of temperature, humidity, and wind velocity and possible errors that can occur in the measurement of crack area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
JournalACI Materials Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Contribution of fibers to crack reduction of cement composites during the initial and final setting period'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this