Cell preservation is an enabling technology for widespread distribution and applications of mammalian cells. Traditional cryopreservation via slow-freezing or vitrification provides long-term storage but requires cytotoxic cryoprotectants (CPA) and tedious CPA loading/unloading, cooling, and recovering procedures. Hypothermic storage around 0–4 °C is an alternative method but only works for a short period due to its high storage temperatures. Here, we report on the deep-supercooling (DSC) preservation of human adipose-derived stem cells at deep subzero temperatures without freezing for extended storage. Enabled by surface sealing with an immiscible oil phase, cell suspension can be preserved in a liquid state at −13 °C and −16 °C for 7 days with high cell viability, retention of stemness, attachment, and multilineage differentiation capacities. These results demonstrate that DSC is an improved short-term preservation approach to provide off-the-shelf cell sources for booming cell-based medicine and bioengineering.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)