Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Alfred A. Lardizabal, Lee B. Reichman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

For 2015, tuberculosis (TB) incidence in the United States has plateaued at 3.0 per 100,000. This remains the lowest case rate since recording started. On the global level, although the TB epidemic is larger than previously estimated, TB deaths and incidence rate continue to fall. For both low and high incidence countries, accelerating the decline in TB incidence towards elimination goals requires that more emphasis be placed on strengthening systems for detection and treatment of latent TB infection (LTBI) in addition to improving TB care globally. Here, we review the tuberculin skin test and gamma interferon release assays currently available for the detection of LTBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMicrobiology Spectrum
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Ecology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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