Dictionary-based face recognition under variable lighting and pose

Tao Wu, Soma Biswas, Phillips Jonathon, Rama Chellappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations


We present a face recognition algorithm based on simultaneous sparse approximations under varying illumination and pose. A dictionary is learned for each class based on given training examples which minimizes the representation error with a sparseness constraint. A novel test image is projected onto the span of the atoms in each learned dictionary. The resulting residual vectors are then used for classification. To handle variations in lighting conditions and pose, an image relighting technique based on pose-robust albedo estimation is used to generate multiple frontal images of the same person with variable lighting. As a result, the proposed algorithm has the ability to recognize human faces with high accuracy even when only a single or a very few images per person are provided for training. The efficiency of the proposed method is demonstrated using publicly available databases and it is shown that this method is efficient and can perform significantly better than many competitive face recognition algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6158596
Pages (from-to)954-965
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 22 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Biometrics
  • Dictionary learning
  • Face recognition
  • Illumination variation
  • Outlier rejection

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dictionary-based face recognition under variable lighting and pose'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this