Different patterns of respiratory and cardiovascular responses elicited by chemical stimulation of dorsal medulla in the rat

V. Marchenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Respiratory and cardiovascular responses to microinjections (10 nl) of L-glutamate (10 mM) into the dorsal medulla were studied in spontaneously breathing urethane-anesthetized, adult male Wistar rats. A total of 10 patterns of respiratory and cardiovascular responses were observed: (1) hypotension alone; (2) hypotension and bradycardia; (3) hypotension and apnea; (4) hypotension, bradycardia, and apnea; (5) apnea alone; (6) hypotension and fast and shallow breathing; (7) hypotension, bradycardia, and fast and shallow breathing; (8) fast and shallow breathing alone; (9) sighs; and (10) increase in BP and HR accompanied with fast and shallow breathing. The sites from which a combination of hypotension, bradycardia, and apnea was elicited, occupied a region in the medial subnucleus of nucleus tractus solitarius (nTS), the reticular formation just ventral to it, and the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus. The sites from which hypotension alone or a combination of hypotension and apnea were elicited occupied the margins of the medial subnucleus of nTS. The sites from which apnea alone was elicited were located in the ventrolateral part of nTS and the reticular formation just ventral to it. In the commissural subnucleus of nTS, the responses comparable to those elicited by peripheral chemoreceptor stimulation (i.e., increase in BP, HR, and respiratory rate) were located in a midline region just caudal to the calamus scriptorius, the sites from which sighs were elicited were located slightly lateral and deeper, the sites from which fast and shallow breathing were elicited were located in the dorsal portion, slightly lateral to the midline. These results are expected to prove useful in studies in which microinjection technique is used to identify transmitters/receptors involved in mediating respiratory and cardiovascular reflex responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalBrain research
Volume857
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Developmental Biology

Keywords

  • Apnea
  • Blood pressure
  • Dorsal respiratory group
  • Heart rate
  • Nucleus tractus solitarii

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