Hemorrhagic shock induces tissue hypoxia and has been demonstrated to alter the myelopoietic response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). lnterleukin-1 and interleukin-6 are important mediators of immunologic events after hemorrhagic shock. Bone marrow stroma release inflammatory cytokines, which may play a role in the regulation of myelopoiesis after injury. The aim of this study was to correlate cytokine gene expression with protein release and myelopoiesis by total bone marrow cells. The role of bone marrow stroma after exposure to hypoxia and lipopolysaccharide was also examined. BALB/c mice were designated as normoxia or hypoxia and total bone marrow cells were harvested. Hypoxia mice were exposed to 2 h of 5% O2/95% N2, and then returned to room air. Additional groups of mice were given LPS intraperitoneally. Bone marrow stroma, from BALB/c mice, was similarly designated. Myelopoiesis was assessed by growth of granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (CFU-GM). lnterleukin-1 and interleukin-6 protein activity was assessed by bioassay. RNA was extracted from both total bone marrow cells and bone marrow stroma. By day 5, LPS alone resulted in a 93% increase in CFU-GM versus normoxia. Hypoxia and LPS exposure significantly decreased CFU-GM on days 1, 3, and 5. LPS alone induced an increase in interleukin-6. At 2, 6, and 24 h, hypoxia blunted interleukin-6 release in response to LPS. Hypoxia alone could not induce interleukin-6. However, hypoxia did induce interleukin-1 mRNA without the release of bioactive protein. In the remainder of groups, interleukin-1 protein levels and mRNA levels were correlated. Bone marrow stroma interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 protein activity was consistently correlated with that of total bone marrow. These data demonstrate that bone marrow cytokine production is differentially regulated by hypoxia. Hypoxia impairs interleukin-6 protein and mRNA in response to LPS, which may play a role in the suppression of myelopoiesis after shock. Also, bone marrow stroma plays an integral role in regulating myelopoiesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Emergency Medicine