Domains of Gln3p interacting with karyopherins, Ure2p, and the target of rapamycin protein

John Carvalho, X. F.Steven Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Gln3p is a GATA-type transcription factor responsive to the quality of nitrogen and carbon. In preferred nitrogen such as glutamine, Gln3p is phosphorylated and sequestered in the cytoplasm in a manner that is dependent on the target of rapamycin (TOR) protein and Ure2p. In nonpreferred nitrogen or nitrogen starvation, Gln3p is dephosphorylated and imported into the nucleus via karyopherin α/Srp1p. Upon reintroduction of preferred nitrogen, Gln3p is exported from the nucleus by Crm1p/Xpolp. Although recent work has provided insights into Gln3p, a more detailed understanding is needed to elucidate the mechanism of its localization and function. In this study, we show that Gln3p contains canonical nuclear localization signal and nuclear export signal sequences necessary for its localization and interaction with its relevant karyopherins. In addition, we identify an N-terminal domain of Gln3p interacting with Ure2p and a C-terminal region for binding to TOR. Finally, we find a lysine/arginine-rich domain essential for the rapamycin-sensitive function, but dispensable for its localization. Our results reveal key domains of Gln3p important for its function and regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16878-16886
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 9 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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