Drug-Induced Xerostomia in Hemodialysis Patients and Its Implications in Oral Health

Roxana Torres, Luigi Brunetti, Ellis Morrow, Jane Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Xerostomia or dry mouth occurs when there is decreased production of saliva. This condition can lead to oral health complications (eg, dental caries, oral lesions), chewing and swallowing problems, and reduced quality of life. Hemodialysis patients are at increased risk of developing xerostomia because of polypharmacy, fluid restriction, salivary gland dysfunction, oral breathing, and systemic diseases. Drug-induced xerostomia increases the risk of oral diseases in these patients. The health care team needs to assess the symptoms of xerostomia in the hemodialysis population and to apply the latest recommendations for its management. This article describes the risks of drug-induced xerostomia in oral health and its management in patients on HD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-349
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in Clinical Nutrition
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • drug-induced xerostomia
  • dry mouth
  • hemodialysis
  • oral health
  • xerostomia

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