Effect of 2,5-hexanedione on lipid biosynthesis in sciatic nerve and brain of the rat

Peter J. Gillies, Ronald M. Norton, James S. Bus

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20 Scopus citations


Distal axonopathy induced by n-hexane and methyl n-butyl ketone has been attributed to a common metabolite, 2,5-hexanedione. Since altered lipid metabolism is frequently associated with neuropathy, the effects of 2,5-hexanedione on lipid biosynthesis from [1-14C]acetate in sciatic nerve and brain of rats given 1% 2,5-hexanedione in drinking water have been studied, in vitro. Clinical signs of neuropathy appeared after 6 weeks. Loss of body weight induced by 2,5-hexanedione was similar to that observed in pair-fed control rats. Compared to nerves from pair-fed controls, nerves from rats fed 2,5-hexanedione exhibited decreased incorporation of [1-14C]acetate into triacylglycerols (32%), total sterols + diacylglycerols (54%), digitonin-precipitable sterols (55%), squalene (55%), and ubiquinone (43%). Incorporation of [1-14C]acetate into phospholipids, fatty acids, and cholesteryl esters was similar in nerves of 2,5-hexanedione-treated rats and pair-fed controls. In brain, incorporation of [1-14C]acetate into lipids was similar in 2,5-hexanedione-treated and pair-fed control rats, except into the fatty acid fraction which was significantly decreased by 11%. The data support the hypothesis that lipid metabolism, in particular sterol metabolism, is altered in hexacarbon-induced distal axonopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 30 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology


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