Effect of temperature on post-diapause reproductive development in Listronotus maculicollis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

S. Wu, O. S. Kostromytska, A. M. Koppenhöfer

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The annual bluegrass weevil Listronotus maculicollis requires chilling exposure to terminate reproductive diapause during overwintering, but the effects of temperature on its post-diapause development in spring remain unclear. To explore this effect, overwintering adults were transferred from cold conditions (6°C/4°C, L:D 10:14) to different warm-up temperatures at L:D 12:12. When weevils were transferred to 7, 14 and 21°C in December and late January, the sizes of male and female reproductive organs were significantly smaller at 7°C than at 14 and 21°C. When weevils were transferred to 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15°C in late January, higher temperatures facilitated the post-diapause development. In both sexes, the sizes of reproductive organs and developmental rate increased with temperature. Reproductive organs did not grow significantly at 7°C in males and at 7-9°C in females, at which the percentage of developing weevils remained low. The time required for 50% of individuals to resume development was 44, 18, 13 and 8 days at 9, 11, 13 and 15°C, respectively, in males and 19, 14 and 8 days at 11, 13 and 15°C, respectively, in females. The threshold temperature for post-diapause development was 7.8°C in males, based on which 61.7 degree-days coincided with 50% of individuals developing. Under field conditions, the percentage of male and female maturity and insemination rate were low until early March, but all reached 100% by late March.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-677
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of Entomological Research
Volume109
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Keywords

  • Listronotus maculicollis
  • post-diapause development
  • reproductive diapause
  • temperature

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