Effects of chemical denervation with 6-hydroxydopamine on myocardial responsiveness to isoproterenol in rabbits

J. Tse, E. Rodriquez, M. Gonzalez, H. R. Weiss

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the hypothesis that chemical denervation with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) would increase myocardial responsiveness to isoproterenol. Five days previously, 15 New Zealand white rabbits were given 60 mg/kg 6-OHDA intravenously. Fifteen control rabbits received vehicle. Hemodynamic, coronary blood flow (CBF), and cardiac output measurements were obtained before and during isoproterenol infusion (0.5 μg/kg/min for 15 min). Norepinephrine tissue content, β-adrenoceptor number (Bmax) and affinity (Kd), cyclic AMP content and cyclic AMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity were measured in the subepicardium (EPI) and subendocardium (ENDO). Myocardial norepinephrine content was significantly decreased from 1263±292 (EPI) and 874±221 ng/g tissue (ENDO) in the control to 148 ±33 (EPI) and 90±45 ng/g tissue (ENDO) in the denervated group. There were no significant changes in cyclic AMP-PDE activity of Bmax and Kd of β-adrenoceptors. Cyclic AMP content was similar at baseline, but controls had a significantly larger increase (123-155 %) during isoproterenol infusion when compared to the denervated group (27-37%). The denervated animals showed a smaller increase in cardiac output during isoproterenol infusion (from 203±30 to 235±26 ml/min), when compared to the control animals (from 135±18 to 216±42 ml/min). Baseline CBF was significantly higher in the EPI but not ENDO of the denervated group (185±20 ml/ 100 g/min in EPI and 150±8 in ENDO) compared to the control group (108±13 in EPI and 133±17 in ENDO). The relative increase in CBF during isoproterenol infusion was smaller in the denervated group (44-45%) than the control group (107-109%). Isoproterenol infusions of 0.1 and 2.5 μg/kg/min showed similarly depressed coronary blood flow responses in denervated animals. Thus, the chemically denervated animals did not have β-adrenoceptor upregulation, exhibited a lesser increase in cyclic AMP with isoproterenol, and had a reduced functinal and coronary blood flow response to isoproterenol. This occurred without any significant change in β-adrenoceptor number or affinity, or in cyclic AMP-phosphodiesterase activity, indicating there may be receptor uncoupling or other changes in the signal transduction pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalBasic research in cardiology
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

Keywords

  • Beta adrenoceptors
  • cardiac work
  • coronary blood flow
  • cyclic AMP
  • cyclic AMP-phosphodiesterase
  • rabbit
  • sympathectomy

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