Effects of Explicit Incentives on Scripted and Unscripted Cooperation

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24 Scopus citations


The effects of explicit incentives on outcomes resulting from scripted and unscripted dyadic cooperation were examined in a series of 3 experiments. Participants were assigned to 1 of 4 groups: (a) unscripted-implicit incentives, (b) scripted-implicit incentives, (c) unscripted-explicit incentives, and (d) scripted-explicit incentives. Dyads studied a passage and later took recall and sentence completion tests. Cooperation structure and incentive structure had interactive effects on cognitive outcomes. Experiment 2 controlled for possible test order effects in Experiment 1. Rewards influenced the number of items attempted on a sentence completion task, suggesting that reward has a motivational effect. Experiment 3 examined the effects of an initial cooperative experience on subsequent task performance. Results again supported a motivational interpretation of the effects of reward.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)74-86
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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