Energy intensity and energy conservation potential in China: A regional comparison perspective

Kangyin Dong, Renjin Sun, Gal Hochman, Hui Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing energy demand and the associated environmental pressures have ignited the Chinese government's concerns regarding energy conservation. Using provincial-level panel data covering the period of 2000–2015, this study first identifies the drivers of energy intensity across China's regions, employing a series of econometric techniques allowing for cross-sectional dependence and slope homogeneity. Based on the estimation results and scenario analysis, this study forecasts the possible energy conservation potential at the regional level by 2030. The panel augmented mean group (AMG) estimator provides similar estimation results for the three regions: economic structure and urbanization rate are the deterministic factors increasing energy intensity, while R&D investment and relative energy price reduce it. The results of scenario analysis indicate that, under the advanced scenario, the energy conservation potential in the eastern, central, and western regions in 2030 will be 1,209.53 million tons of coal equivalent (tce), 664.23 million tce, and 774.48 million tce, respectively. At the national level, the advanced scenario can save 2,648.24 million tce of energy consumption by 2030, accounting for 43.3% of the energy demand under the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario. Finally, these findings offer several targeted policy suggestions for reducing energy intensity and promoting energy conservation potential at the national and regional levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-795
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy
Volume155
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2018

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Energy conservation
Coal
Energy utilization
Economics
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Keywords

  • China
  • Energy conservation potential
  • Energy intensity
  • Regional analysis

Cite this

Dong, Kangyin ; Sun, Renjin ; Hochman, Gal ; Li, Hui. / Energy intensity and energy conservation potential in China : A regional comparison perspective. In: Energy. 2018 ; Vol. 155. pp. 782-795.
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Energy intensity and energy conservation potential in China : A regional comparison perspective. / Dong, Kangyin; Sun, Renjin; Hochman, Gal; Li, Hui.

In: Energy, Vol. 155, 15.07.2018, p. 782-795.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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