Enzyme Specificity in the Metabolic Activation of N-Nitrosodimethylamine to a Mutagen for Chinese Hamster V79 Cells

Jeong Sook H. Yoo, Chung S. Yang

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Abstract

In order to elucidate the mechanism of the metabolic activation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), the relationship between NDMA demethytase (NDMAd) and NDMA mutagenicity in Chinese hamster V79 cells was investigated. The microsome-mediated activation system produced NDMA mutagenicity similar to the S9-mediated activation system, suggesting that microsomes are solely responsible for the activation process. Pretreat-ment of rats with ethanol or acetone-induced microsomal NDMAd activity, and such treatment also enhanced microsome-mediated NDMA mutagenicity 6-7-fokJ. The patterns of NDMA activation by ethanol and acetone-induced microsomes differed distinctly from that by phenobarbital-induced microsomes for both NDMAd and the mutagenicity. The former type of microsomes had a low Km for NDMA, but the latter appeared to have very high Km values, and NDMAd was highly positively related to NDMA mutagenicity. Purified cytochrome P-450 isozymes from acetone and phenobarbital-induced microsomes, P-450ac and P-450b, respectively, were effective for the activation of NDMA to a mutagen in a reconstituted monooxygenase system. In parallel fashion to NDMAd activity, P-450ac was effective at tow substrate concentrations, whereas P-450b exhibited appreciable activity only at high NDMA concentrations. The results demonstrate clearly that NDMAd, which is effectively catalyzed by a specific P-450 isozyme inducible by compounds such as ethanol, acetone, and isopropanol, is primarily responsible for the activation of NDMA to a mutagen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5569-5574
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume45
StatePublished - Nov 1 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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