Externally prestressed members: Evaluation of second-order effects

M. Harajli, N. Khairallah, H. Nassif

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74 Scopus citations


This paper presents the results of analytical investigation of the strength and structural behavior of concrete members prestressed with external tendons. The behavior at both the serviceability and ultimate limit states is evaluated. A nonlinear analysis model, based on the incremental deformation method, is developed to predict the entire response of concrete members originally designed with or strengthened by external prestressing. The proposed analysis reproduced experimental results of deflection and tendon stress responses with remarkable accuracy. A parametric study was undertaken to evaluate the behavior of concrete beams either designed using external prestressing or strengthened by it. The analytical results demonstrated that the second-order effect, associated with the progressive change in eccentricity of the tendons with increasing member deformation, is the main factor that distinguishes the behavior of external tendon from an internal unbonded tendon system. Because of this effect, undeviated external tendons mobilized lower nominal flexural resistance and inelastic deflections than did deviated tendons. When used for strengthening concrete flexural members, providing a moderate amount of external prestressing steel leads to significant deflection recovery, some reduction in the live load deflection, and a substantial increase in the yield load and ultimate flexural capacity of the members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1151-1161
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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