Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic identification of gel phase domains in reconstituted phosphilipid vesicles containing Ca2+-ATPase

Markian Jaworsky, Richard Mendelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ca2+-ATPase from rabbit sarcoplasmic reticulum has been isolated, purified, and reconstituted into lipid environments containing as primary components 1,2-dielaidoylphosphatidylcholine (DEPC) and acyl-chain perdeuterated 1,2-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC-d54). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been used to elucidate the phase behavior of this lipid pair while Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) has been used to monitor the state of each lipid component in the presence of protein. The lipid mixture shows gel state miscibility over at least most of the composition range, a result in good accord with Van Dijck et al. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 470, 58-69 (1977)), for the binary mixture with proteated DMPC. Acyl chain perdeuteration thus does not greatly alter the miscibility properties of the lipid pair. Reconstitution of Ca2+-ATPase with this lipid pair proceeds with moderate efficiency. Up to 80% of the endogenous lipid can be replaced depending on the lipid composition. Unusual composition-dependent protein-induced effects on lipid melting properties are noticed. At low levels of DMPC-d54, both the DEPC and DMPC-d54 components have their melting processes broadened and shifted to lower temperatures, compared with binary lipid mixtures of the same composition. This suggests that protein perturbs both lipids in similar fashion. At high levels of DMPC-d54, the DEPC component exhibits a highly cooperative melting process at temperatures close to that for pure DEPC. This strongly indicates that domains of DEPC are present (at least at low temperatures) in the bilayer, and that Ca2+-ATPase is excluded from these domains. The protein thus exhibits preferential interaction with the DMPC-d54 component. This work demonstrates the utility of FT-IR for identification of the molecular origin of particular domains in reasonably complex lipid mixtures. The relevance of this work to native membrane systems where lipid domains have been observed by several groups is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-502
Number of pages12
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume860
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • (Rabbit skeletal muscle)
  • Ca-ATPase
  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Fourier transform
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Membrane reconstitution
  • Phase domain

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