Functional associations of 'trouble seeing'

Raynard Kington, Jeanette Rogowski, Lee Lillard, Paul P. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to determine how vision problems affect health status. The information was collected in 1990 from 2,249 household heads and spouses over 50 years of age during an annual survey of a nationally representative sample that was adjusted for attrition and nonresponse. Vision problems were defined as 'trouble seeing (even with glasses or contact lenses).' Health status was measured principally with the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36. Regression analyses found a significant relationship between 'trouble seeing' and each of five health-status domains. We conclude that it may not be appropriate to require specific functional limitations as a precondition for cataract surgery and that instruments for measuring functional disabilities related to vision should include more general questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


  • functional status
  • trouble seeing
  • vision


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