Gravitational lensing magnification and time delay statistics for distant supernovae

Masamune Oguri, Yasushi Suto, Edwin Lewis Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strong gravitational lensing of distant supernovae (SNe), particularly Type Ia SNe, has some exploitable properties not available when other sorts of cosmologically distant sources are lensed. One such property is that the "standard candle" nature of SNe at peak brightness allows a direct determination of the lensing magnification factor for each well-observed image. Another is that the duration of an SN event is of the same order as the differential time delays between the various lens images for roughly galaxy mass lensing objects. A relatively precise constraint on each image's magnification leads to better constraints on the lens mass model than are available in more familiar lens systems, and the comparable timescales of the photometric event and the time delay invite a variety of applications, including high-precision measurements of the delay and the targeting of especially interesting phases of the explosion (including its very early stages) for intensive observation when they appear in trailing images. As an initial exploration of these possibilities we present calculations of SN lensing statistics in a "concordance cosmology" assuming a simple spherical model for lens mass distributions. We emphasize magnification and time delay effects. Plausible SN surveys, such as the proposed SNAP space mission, would discover several to some tens of strongly lensed SNe Ia per year, and at least a few of these will be at redshifts well beyond those that would be accessible via unlensed events. The total number of such anomalously high redshift SNe Ia will be a useful test of high-redshift star formation models. SN surveys of finite duration will, of course, miss the appearance of some images, and the effect becomes large when the delay approaches the survey duration; we quantify this selection bias. Finally, we investigate how well the appearance of trailing images can be predicted based on various amounts of available information on the lensing event. Knowledge of the magnification factor for the leading (and brighter) image makes it possible to predict the appearance of a trailing image relatively accurately if the lens redshift is also known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-593
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume583
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

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magnification
supernovae
time lag
statistics
lenses
SNAP
space missions
cosmology
mass distribution
targeting
explosions
star formation
explosion
brightness
galaxies
timescale

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Gravitational lensing magnification and time delay statistics for distant supernovae",
abstract = "Strong gravitational lensing of distant supernovae (SNe), particularly Type Ia SNe, has some exploitable properties not available when other sorts of cosmologically distant sources are lensed. One such property is that the {"}standard candle{"} nature of SNe at peak brightness allows a direct determination of the lensing magnification factor for each well-observed image. Another is that the duration of an SN event is of the same order as the differential time delays between the various lens images for roughly galaxy mass lensing objects. A relatively precise constraint on each image's magnification leads to better constraints on the lens mass model than are available in more familiar lens systems, and the comparable timescales of the photometric event and the time delay invite a variety of applications, including high-precision measurements of the delay and the targeting of especially interesting phases of the explosion (including its very early stages) for intensive observation when they appear in trailing images. As an initial exploration of these possibilities we present calculations of SN lensing statistics in a {"}concordance cosmology{"} assuming a simple spherical model for lens mass distributions. We emphasize magnification and time delay effects. Plausible SN surveys, such as the proposed SNAP space mission, would discover several to some tens of strongly lensed SNe Ia per year, and at least a few of these will be at redshifts well beyond those that would be accessible via unlensed events. The total number of such anomalously high redshift SNe Ia will be a useful test of high-redshift star formation models. SN surveys of finite duration will, of course, miss the appearance of some images, and the effect becomes large when the delay approaches the survey duration; we quantify this selection bias. Finally, we investigate how well the appearance of trailing images can be predicted based on various amounts of available information on the lensing event. Knowledge of the magnification factor for the leading (and brighter) image makes it possible to predict the appearance of a trailing image relatively accurately if the lens redshift is also known.",
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Gravitational lensing magnification and time delay statistics for distant supernovae. / Oguri, Masamune; Suto, Yasushi; Turner, Edwin Lewis.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 583, No. 2 I, 01.02.2003, p. 584-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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