Hierarchical pore structure and wetting properties of single-wall carbon nanotube fibers

Alexander V. Neimark, Sigrid Ruetsch, Konstantin G. Kornev, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Philippe Poulin, Stéphane Badaire, Maryse Maugey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) fibers produced by the particle-coagulation spinning process possess a well-developed hierarchical skin-core structure. Primary SWNTs are organized in bundles that are 10-30 nm in diameter. The nanotube bundles form elementary filaments, which constitute the fiber skin, and a highly porous nanofelt, which fills the fiber core. The elementary filaments of ∼0.2-2 μm diameter are well aligned along the fiber axis and densely packed. The hierarchical pore structure organization determines unique wetting and sorption properties of SWNT fibers. Experiments with capillary condensation and droplet absorption of wetting fluids agree with the proposed skin-core model and can be used for pore structure characterization. The well-developed porosity and high surface area in conjunction with controllable electrical and mechanical functionalities make the SWNT fibers attractive materials for nanotechnologies, where wetting and sorption properties play an important role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-423
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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