Human Health Risk from Metals in Fish from Saudi Arabia

Consumption Patterns for Some Species Exceed Allowable Limits

Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld, Nabeel Alikunhi, Haitham Al-Jahdali, Dalal Al-Jebreen, Abdulaziz Al-Suwailem, Mohammed A.M. Aziz, Zenon B. Batang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Fish are a healthful source of protein, but contaminants in some fish pose a risk. While there are multiple risk assessments from Europe and North America, there are far fewer for other parts of the world. We examined the risks from mercury, arsenic, lead, and other metals in fish consumed by people in Jeddah area, Saudi Arabia, using site-specific data on consumption patterns and metal levels in fish. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Hazard Quotient (HQ) and cumulative Hazard Index (HI) for non-cancer endpoints and Carcinogenic Index for cancer were used to determine the health risk based on fish consumption rates. Of the 13 fish species examined, HQ was greater than 1 (indicating elevated risk) in two species for arsenic, and seven species for methylmercury. The cumulative HI for all metals was above 1 for all but three species of fish at the mean consumption rates. Generally, fish species with HI above 1 for one sampling location, had HI above 1 for all sampling locations. The implications of these findings are discussed in the light of strategies for reducing risk from fish consumption while encouraging dietary intakes of fish with low mercury and arsenic levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-827
Number of pages29
JournalHuman and Ecological Risk Assessment
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

Fingerprint

Saudi Arabia
Health risks
Fish
health risk
Fishes
Metals
metal
Health
fish
Hazards
hazard
Arsenic
arsenic
Mercury (metal)
Mercury
human health
consumption pattern
Sampling
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Keywords

  • arsenic
  • fish consumption
  • hazard index
  • hazard quotient
  • health risk
  • mercury
  • metals

Cite this

Burger, Joanna ; Gochfeld, Michael ; Alikunhi, Nabeel ; Al-Jahdali, Haitham ; Al-Jebreen, Dalal ; Al-Suwailem, Abdulaziz ; Aziz, Mohammed A.M. ; Batang, Zenon B. / Human Health Risk from Metals in Fish from Saudi Arabia : Consumption Patterns for Some Species Exceed Allowable Limits. In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 2015 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 799-827.
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Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Alikunhi, N, Al-Jahdali, H, Al-Jebreen, D, Al-Suwailem, A, Aziz, MAM & Batang, ZB 2015, 'Human Health Risk from Metals in Fish from Saudi Arabia: Consumption Patterns for Some Species Exceed Allowable Limits', Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 799-827. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2014.934585

Human Health Risk from Metals in Fish from Saudi Arabia : Consumption Patterns for Some Species Exceed Allowable Limits. / Burger, Joanna; Gochfeld, Michael; Alikunhi, Nabeel; Al-Jahdali, Haitham; Al-Jebreen, Dalal; Al-Suwailem, Abdulaziz; Aziz, Mohammed A.M.; Batang, Zenon B.

In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, Vol. 21, No. 3, 03.04.2015, p. 799-827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Burger, Joanna

AU - Gochfeld, Michael

AU - Alikunhi, Nabeel

AU - Al-Jahdali, Haitham

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AU - Aziz, Mohammed A.M.

AU - Batang, Zenon B.

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